Friday, September 14, 2012

THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 13, 2012

QUOTE:
“My masters are strange folk with very little care for music in them.”
AUTHOR: Johann Sebastian Bach 

MEANING OF THE QUOTE:
“Music is used for some people as a symbol of status or a way 
  to be popular and for them has little to do with the art itself.”



COMPOSER
CHOPIN

Waltz Op. 64 No. 2
C# Minor
(Tempo giusto)
video

LISTENING WORKSHEET

Waltz Op. 64 No. 2
C# Minor
(Tempo giusto)
Performed by Artur Rubinstein
with sheet music
video

Waltz Op. 64 No. 2
C# Minor
(Tempo giusto)
Performed by Artur Rubinstein
with pictures of the pianist


This is a term that describes the rate of speed (tempo) that a piece is played at.  
The literal meaning is "exact time." 


GENERAL MUSIC
01.  MUSICAL ALPHABET GRAPHING SHEETS
02.  PERCUSSION INSTRUMENTS
.......a.  DEFINITION OF WHAT A PERCUSSION INSTRUMENT IS
.......b.  INSTRUMENTS SHOWN IN CLASS (IDENTIFIED BY HOW THEY ARE PLAYED):
............1)  SHAKERS
..................a)  MARACAS
..................b)  TAMBOURINE
..................c)  SLEIGH BELLS
............2)  SCRAPERS
..................a)  BELL TREE
..................b)  CABASA
..................c)  GUIRO
..................d)  SAND BLOCKS
............3)  HITTING or STRIKING
..................a)  BELL TREE
..................b)  CLAVES
..................c)  FINGER CYMBALS
..................d)  HAND DRUM
..................e)  SAND BLOCKS
..................f)  SPOONS
..................g)  TAMBOURINE
..................h)  TRIANGLE
..................i)  VIBRATONE
..................j)  WOODBLOCK
............4)  COMBINATIONS 
..................a)  BELL TREE
..................b)  TAMBOURINE 
........c. INSTRUMENTS SHOWN IN CLASS ALSO IDENTIFIED BY MATERIALS THEY ARE MADE OF:
............1)  METAL:  
..................a)  BELL TREE
..................b)  COWBELL
..................c)  FINGER CYMBALS
..................d)  SLEIGH BELLS
..................e)  THUNDER SHEET
..................f)  TRIANGLE
..................g)  VIBRATONE
............2)  WOOD: 
..................a)  CLAVES
..................b)  SAND BLOCKS
..................c)  SLAPSTICK
..................d)  WOODBLOCK
............3)  SKIN: 
..................a)  HAND DRUM
..................b)  TAMBOURINE
............4)  COMBINATIONS: 
..................a)  TAMBOURINE 
............5)  OTHERS: 
..................a)  CABASA (CAN BE MADE OF METAL or GOURD)
..................b)  GUIRO (CAN BE MADE OF METAL or GOURD)
..................c)  MARACAS (MADE OF GOURD)
..................d)  SAND BLOCKS (MADE OF WOOD and SAND PAPER)
..................e)  SPOONS (CAN BE MADE OF METAL or WOOD)
........d. INSTRUMENTS CAN ALSO BE CLASSIFIED BY TIMBRE (or BY SIMILAR TONE COLOR) EXAMPLES:
............1)  FINGER CYMBALS and TRIANGLES
............2)  WOODBLOCKS, CLAVES, and SPOONS
........e. INSTRUMENTS CLASSIFIED IN TWO MAIN CATEGORIES:
............1)  PITCHED 
..................a)  PRODUCES SOUNDS or PITCHES
..................b)  SOUNDS or PITCHES CAN BE IDENTIFIED BY NOTES OF THE MUSICAL ALPHABET
............2)  NON-PITCHED 
..................a)  PRODUCES SOUNDS and/or PITCHES
..................b)  SOUNDS CANNOT BE IDENTIFIED BY NOTES OF THE MUSICAALPHABET
........f.  MANY OF THESE INSTRUMENTS ARE NOW ALSO BEING MADE OF SYNTHETIC MATERIALS                   SUCH AS PLASTIC



ADV. STRINGS
01.  GESU BAMBINO
.......a.  PRACTICED THE 1ST PHRASE 
............1)  BOWING and ARTICULATION: STARTING and STOPPING TOGETHER
.......b.  PLAY THROUGH THE ENTIRE PIECE
02.  BURGUNDIAN CAROL

BEG. STRINGS
BOW HOLDING DIRECTIONS
BASIC KNOWLEDGE TO HELP UNDERSTAND WHY THE WAY WAY WE HOLD THE BOW IS SO IMPORTANT
01.  BALANCE
........a.  BOW IS ACTUALLY HELD BY A BALANCE OF THE VIOLIN FROM BELOW AND THE HAND                        ABOVE
.............1)  THE VIOLIN (PARALLEL TO THE FLOOR) BALANCES  FROM BELOW 
.............2)  THE HAND APPLIES WEIGHT FROM ABOVE
...................a)  WEIGHT IS TRANSFERRED FROM THE UPPER RIGHT ARM THROUGH THE MIDDLE                                 JOINT OF THE RIGHT POINTER FINGER ON TO THE BOW
...................b)  THE RIGHT THUMB ON THE BOW IS USES TO KEEP THE BOW FROM WIGGLING  SIDE
                       -TO-SIDE
02.  HOW THE BOW IS USED TO PRODUCE SOUND and TONE
........a.  THE BOW SETS THE STRING TO ITS INITIAL VIBRATION BY STRIKING THE STRING FROM                      ABOVE
.............1)  EXAMPLE: AS A MALLET MIGHT STRIKE A PERCUSSION INSTRUMENT SUCH AS A                                 TRIANGLE 
.............2)  A "SPRING-TYPE" ACTION OF THE BOW ON TO THE STRING PRODUCES THIS 
...................a)  PRODUCED BY THE PRESSING DOWN OF THE MIDDLE JOINT OF THE RIGHT POINTER                           FINGER THROUGH THE USE OF THE UPPER RIGHT ARM ON TO THE BOW                                               FROM ABOVE
..............3) "ARTICULATION" SOUND IS PRODUCED  BY THE BOW "SPRING" ACTION
...................a)  ARTICULATION SOUND IS SIMILAR TO THAT OF THE TONGUE TOUCHING BEHIND THE                           TEETH IN THE PRODUCTION OF SPEECH SOUNDS
..............4) TONE QUALITY PRODUCTION IS DIRECTLY RELATED TO HOW THIS ARTICULATION IS                           PERFECTED
........b.  BOW MOVEMENT AFTER THE INITIAL ACTION
.............1)  AFTER THE "ARTICULATION" THE BOW PRESSURE ON THE STRING IS LESSENED (LESS                     PRESSURE FROM ABOVE) AND THE BOW CONTINUES IN EITHER A DOWNWARDS or                             UPWARDS DIRECTION 
 ...................a)  DOWN BOW: PLAYER PULLS THE BOW DOWN FROM THE LEFT SHOULDER
 ...................b)  UP BOW: PLAYER PUSHES THE BOW UP TOWARDS THE LEFT SHOULDER
.............2)  BOW SPEED (DIRECTED BY THE THE RIGHT ARM) ICONTROLLED AND STEADY 
 ...................a) BOW SPEED IS DETERMINED BY MANY FACTORS and IS A TOPIC FOR DISCUSSION                               LATER)
.............3)  PRESSURE ON TO THE BOW BY THE RIGHT ARM IS DETERMINED BY THE BOW SPEED                         USED LEARNING THE BOW HOLD BY STEPS:
01.  BOW HOLD DETERMINED BY THE MIDDLE KNUCKLES OF THE RIGHT HAND
02.  STEP 1:  PLACEMENT OF THE KNUCKLES:
.......a. ON THE PADDING and/or SILVER PORTION OF THE BOW NEAR THE FROG PLACE THE MIDDLE 
           KNUCKLES OF THE RIGHT HAND FINGERS: POINTER, MIDDLE, RING, and PINKY ON THE BOW
...........1) PINKY NEVER TO BE ON THE SCREW OF THE BOW
03.  STEP 2:  RIGHT THUMB PLACEMENT
........a. LIGHTLY TOUCHES THE FINGER TIPS IN BETWEEN THE TWO MIDDLE FINGERS 
............1)  THUMB DOES NOT SQUEEZE OR PUSH HARD AGAINST THE FINGERS
........b. THUMB PLACED IN BETWEEN THE BOW STICK AND HAIR
04.  STEP 3:  PINKY ADJUSTMENT
........a. RIGHT PINKY FINGER ADJUSTED SO THE PAD OF THE FINGER SITS ON THE TOP OF THE BOW
............1)  FINGER MUST BE CURVED NATURALLY NOT PRESSED DOWN HARD OR CAVED                                      BACKWARDS
........b. THIS FINGER IS THE "BALANCE" FINGER
05.  STEP 4:  RIGHT POINTER FINGER ADJUSTMENT
........a.  POINTER FINGER MIDDLE KNUCKLE CAN BE ADJUSTED TO A LITTLE BELOW THE JOINT
............1)  THERE ARE 3 BASIC PLACEMENTS OF THE POINTER FINGER ON THE BOW AND USAGE                        VARIES DEPENDING ON THE PLAYER
..................a) FRANCO-BELGIUM: POINTER FINGER MIDDLE KNUCKLE PLACED SLIGHTLY BELOW                            JOINT ON THE BOW (THE MOST COMMON USAGE)
..................b) FRENCH:  POINTER FINGER  KNUCKLE JUST ABOVE THE FINGER TIP KNUCKLE USED                           ON THE BOW (CREATES A LIGHTER SOUND)
..................c) RUSSIAN: POINTER FINGER  KNUCKLE JUST BELOW THE HAND USED ON THE BOW                               (CREATES A HEAVIER SOUND)
........b.  THE FRANCO-BELGIUM METHOD IS WHAT I AM TEACHING 
06.  QUICK REVIEW THAT I ALWAYS SAY IN CLASS:
         MIDDLE JOINTS ON BOW STICK
         THUMB IN BETWEEN TWO MIDDLE FINGERS
         PINKY SITS UP FOR BALANCE AND A SLIGHT ADJUSTMENT OF THE POINTER FINGER