Monday, February 25, 2013


“If we were all determined to play the first violin we should never have an ensemble.
  Therefore, respect every musician in his proper place.”

AUTHOR: Robert Schumann
“No one person is successful without a team behind him.”



The four concerti known as The Four Seasons (Italian: Le quattro stagioni) are part of a group of eight violin concerti published in Amsterdam in 1725 as Op. 8.  Vivaldi created this set of concertos (his most famous work) inspired by a set of sonnets describing each of the four seasons and explaining what was going on and supplying performance instructions. The Four Seasons is often classified as program music, instrumental music that tells a story of some kind.

Spring – Concerto in E Major

Springtime is upon us. 
The birds celebrate her return with festive song,
and murmuring streams are softly caressed by the breezes.
Thunderstorms, those heralds of Spring, roar, casting their dark mantle over heaven,
Then they die away to silence, and the birds take up their charming songs once more.

On the flower-strewn meadow, with leafy branches rustling overhead,
the goat-herd sleeps, his faithful dog beside him

Led by the festive sound of rustic bagpipes, 
nymphs and shepherds lightly dance beneath the brilliant canopy of spring.

Summer – Concerto in g-minor

Allegro non molto
Beneath the blazing sun's relentless heat men and flocks are sweltering, 
pines are scorched.
We hear the cuckoo's voice; then sweet songs of the turtle dove and finch are heard.
Soft breezes stir the air….
but threatening north wind sweeps them suddenly aside. 
The shepherd trembles, fearful of violent storm and what may lie ahead.

Adagio e piano - Presto e forte
His limbs are now awakened from their repose 
by fear of lightning's flash and thunder's roar, 
as gnats and flies buzz furiously around.

Alas, his worst fears were justified, 
as the heavens roar and great hailstones beat down upon the proudly standing corn.

Autumn – Concerto in F Major

The peasant celebrates with song and dance the harvest safely gathered in.
The cup of Bacchus flows freely, and many find their relief in deep slumber.

Adagio molto
The singing and the dancing die away
as cooling breezes fan the pleasant air,
inviting all to sleep
without a care.

The hunters emerge at dawn,
ready for the chase,
with horns and dogs and cries.
Their quarry flees while they give chase.
Terrified and wounded, the prey struggles on,
but, harried, dies.

Winter – Concerto in f-minor

Allegro non molto
Shivering, frozen mid the frosty snow in biting, stinging winds;
running to and fro to stamp one's icy feet, teeth chattering in the bitter chill.

To rest contentedly beside the hearth, 
while those outside are drenched by pouring rain.

We tread the icy path slowly and cautiously, for fear of tripping and falling. 
Then turn abruptly, slip, crash on the ground and, rising, 
hasten on across the ice lest it cracks up.
We feel the chill north winds coarse through the home 
despite the locked and bolted doors…
this is winter, which nonetheless brings its own delights.