Thursday, May 21, 2015

THURSDAY, MAY 21, 2015 (PART 2)

Melchior Lechter: Orfeo (Orpheus), 1896 
Orpheus was the son of the Thracian
river god and the muse Calliope.
Alexandre-Auguste Hirsch:
Teaching Orpheus Calliope, 1865
In some myth versions (like Pindar) he is
the son of Apollo and Calliope. Known
as a talented singer and musician, Orpheus
owed his talent to his beloved Apollo
who gifted him with a golden lyre
with which it was possible to tame wild
animals, encourage trees to dance,
move rocks, and even change
the course of rivers.
Orpheus Singing to Animals and Trees

Orpheus was also involved in the
campaign of the Argonauts,
using his music to calm the waves and
helping the rowers maneuver their ship.
Maria Theresa Joly: Orpheus and Eurydice in the Underworld
Chagall: Orpheus and Eurydice
Him: Orpheus, the world's most talented musician
Her: Eurydice, a beautiful Cicone woman
Cornaline Künstler:
Euridice, 19th Century
Setting: Ancient Greece
A traveling and adventurous lyre player,
Jean Cocteau: Orpheus
falls in love with Eurydice
Orpheus And Eurydice Fredric Lord Leighton
Fredric Leighton: Orpheus And Eurydice
at first sight. They are soon married and
tragically, she is killed by a snake
bite on the ankle.
Jean Baptiste Camille Corot:  The Wounded Eurydice
Moved by grief,
Gustave Moreau: Orpheus at the Tomb of Eurydice
Orpheus traverses
Guido Schmitt:  Orpheus
the  Underworld
Jan Brueghel the Elder: Orpheus in the Underworld
to beg
Francois Perrier, Orpheus before Pluto and Persephone
Francois Perrier: Orpheus Before Pluto and Persephone

and Persephone
Persephone by Dante Gabriel Rossetti
Dante Gabriel Rossetti: Proserpine
to release Eurydice.
Marc Chagall: Myth of Orpheus, 1977
Orpheus, a wandering musician
highly regarded in the ancient world,
crosses  paths with Eurydice on
a gorgeous Mediterranean day.
Nicolas Poussin: Landscape with Orpheus and Eurydice
Her stunning eyes grab hold of his heart
Rebecca Guay:  Eurydice Before Death
and the two young lovers
Hugh Adam Crawford: The Wooing of Eurydice, 1949
Louis Ducis: Orpheus and Euridice and Dibulade, 1826
are soon married -
Maurice Denis: Orpheus and Eurydice, 1910
but, strangely, without the blessing
of the god of marriage, Hymen,
William Hogarth: Hymen and Cupid
who is present at the ceremony.
Shortly after the wedding, Eurydice goes
for a walk with her friends in the forest
and runs into trouble.
Eurydice Tapestry Wall Hanging
Depending on which version of the myth
you are reading, she is chased by a wicked
shepherd or satyr (pipe player)
Aristaeus, son of Apollo and Cyrene (sometimes Considered a Titan, son of Uranus
and Gaia) was raised by the nymphs who taught him to curdle milk, to cultivate
olive trees, and raise bees. A lover of Dryad Eurydice, he was the cause of her
Pursuing her death by the day of her wedding to Orpheus.
James Patrick Reid: Death of Eurydice
and, while trying to escape, is
poisoned by a viper bite.
Titian (Tiziano Vecellio): Orpheus and Eurydice Ca. 1508-12
The venom courses through
her veins and kills her, leaving Orpheus
distraught when he finds the body.
Edward Burne-Jones:
Orpheus and Eurydice, 1870
Maurice Denis: Eurydice
Jacopo of Saddler: Orpheus
Orpheus Receives the news of Eurydice's death. 
Centrally in the foreground, Eurydice, who is fleeing from Aristaios, 
is being bitten by the snake. At the far right of the painting,
she is taken off to the Underworld by two demons.
Alexander Golovin: Euryice's Tomb,
Stage Design for the Opera by Gluck Orpheus and Eurydice
Stricken with immense sorrow,
Pascal Adolphe Jean Dagnan-
Bouveret:  Orpheus's Sorrow
Orpheus begins playing the lyre
Henri Martin: Orpheus
and singing songs of heartbreak
Jean-Baptiste-Camille Corot: Orpheus Lamenting the Death of Eurydice
to get through the pain.
Gustave Moreau:
The Tears of Orpheus;
La Douleur d'Orphee, c. 1887
According to the legend, the gods and
nymphs cried along with him,
Nymphs listening to Orpheus - Alexandre Cabanel
Charles Jalabert: Orpheus Serenades the Nymphs of the Forest, 1853
then convinced him to travel
Nils Asplund: Orpheus in the Underworld, 1914
into the Underworld
Pieter Fris: Orpheus and Eurydice in the Underworld, 1652
to negotiate with Hades for Eurydice's release.
Orpheus agrees, descending into the pit
Eduard Tomek: Orfeus
and plucking the lyre
Orpheus, Takashi Kitami
Takashi Kitami: Orpheus
with all the skill he
could muster.
Giovanni Demin:
Orpheus Enters the Underworld
to Free Eurydice
As he walks along, singing and strumming,
the entire realm comes to a halt. His
playing enchanted Charon,
A.J. Campbell Engraving:
Orpheus and the Boatman, 1907
The Underworld Greek Mythology
Charon , the Ferryman of the Underworld
the ferryman
Maria Theresa Joly:  Orpheus in the Underworld
who the carried the souls of
the dead across the river Styx
The Styx Towards Hades
into the Underworld.
Orpheus in the underworld.  1850. Bonaventura Genelli.  German.  1798-1868.  mural Neues Museum.  Berlin.
Bonaventura Genelli: Orpheus in the Underworld, 1850
(Orpheus Playing for Charon)

Charon agreed to take Orpheus across the
river, even though he was not dead.  Cerberus,
Sebald Beham: Hercules Capturing Cerberus, 1545
the three-headed dog
Eluminure Medieval : Orphee-Eurydice
at the gate, is soothed such
Orpheus, Charon, and Cerberus
Augustine of Musi: Orpheus, 1528
that Orpheus walks past him
Orpheus facing Cerberus defender of the under world.  19th.Century.  artist?  National Archaeological Museum.  Naples.
Orpheus Facing Cerberus
Defender of the Underworld, 19th Century
without so much as a whimper.  Sisyphus
Titan: Sisyphus, 1549
In Greek mythology Sisyphus was a king of Ephyra
(Now known as Corinth). He was punished for chronic
deceitfulness by being compelled to roll an immense
boulder up a hill, only to watch it roll back down,
repeating this action forever.
stops pushing his rock uphill and the
souls of the dead (and monsters)
Manuscrit Enluminé: Orpheus Charming the Monsters of the Underworld, 1300-1349
are silenced by the
sound of his composition.
Jules Machard: Orpheus in the Underworld, 1865
When he reaches Hades and Persephone,
King and Queen of the Underworld,
Maria Aragon: Hades and Persephone in the Underworld
his impassioned plea convinces
Giulio Romano: Orpheus and Eurydice Before Pluto and Proserpina
them to release Eurydice -
Crestien them Gois, Ovide Moralisé:
Demons Preparing to Hand Over
Eurydice Reluctantly, 14th Century
on one condition:
Orpheus must walk in front of her and not
look back until they have reached the surface.
Orpheus happily says yes and begins leading his
love back along the trail to the upper world.
Anselm Feuerbach: Orpheus and Eurydice, 1869
Slipping through the
opening to the surface,
Federico Cervelli : Orfeo ed Euridice
he joyfully turns to gaze upon
Eurydice again
George Frederick Watts: Orpheus and Eurydice
but she has not stepped
out of the Underworld and,
consequently,  vanishes forever.
Henry Brown: Eurydice Recedes Into the Underworld
Left- William Blake Richmond:  Orpheus Returning from Hades, 1885
Right-Henri Martin: Orpheus Returns from the Pursuit of Eurydice
Mourning her death all over again
Hugues Jean François Paul Duqueylard: Orpheus, 19th Century
and now completely overcome with grief,
Alexandre Seon: The Lament of Orpheus
Orpheus spends the rest of his days worshiping
only the sun or Helios (also named Apollo).
He wandered, a lost and broken man,
only playing his music for the animals,
Waidhofen Thaya Pfarrkirche - Fresko 1c Orpheus.jpg
Johann Lorenz Day:  Orpheus Moving Stones
and Animals by His Songs, 1764
and shunning all human contact wishing
only for his own demise so that he may be
reunited with his lost love in the Underworld.
One morning, Orpheus made his way to
the oracle of Dionysus to make his
daily devotion to the rising sun.
Simon Vouet: Apollo 
It was there he was in set upon by a
drunken and reveling pack of Bacchantes,
Orpheus and the Bacchantes 
furious at the sight of him
for daring to worship his God
at the sacred site of their
devoted God, Dionysus.
In a frenzy of madness, lust, and intoxication
they tore the poor Orpheus to pieces,
Ferraresischer Meister Der Tod des Orpheus, 1470 -1490
Albrecht Dürer:
Der Tod des Orpheus, 1494
Pompeii House of the Vettii: Orpheus' Death
ending his misery for all time.
His head was torn from his body,
and his magical lyre,
both tossed into the river
where they floated,
John Waterhouse: Nymphs and the Head of Orpheus, 1900
still singing and playing the mournful tunes
he had played in his sad life, all the way to
the sea. Eventually they washed ashore
Gustave Courtois
Left-Odion Redon: Head of Orpheus, 1881
Middle-Jean Delville: Orpheus, 1893
and his head
Odilon Redon: Orphee
(The Muses found all his body parts
and put them back together again
for burial in Pieria, Orpheus'
birthplace, except for his head)
Edward Burne-Jones: Death of Orpheus
was buried, a shrine built on the burial
spot located on the island of Lesbos.
Gustave Moreau:  Thracian Girl Carrying the Head of Orpheus on His Lyre ,
(Left-right)  in 1865 , 1865, 1875 
Only then, did the mournful
song of Orpheus cease.
His lyre was carried
back to Mount Olympus
Greek Mythology Map: Mount Olympus
by the Muses (daughters of Zeus)
The Nine Muses
among the constellations.
Orpheus returned to the Underworld,
where he was finally reunited with His
lost love, Eurydice.
There are obvious elements of romance in
this famous love story: deep love causes
one to do anything - including literally going
through hell - to get the other back, as an
example. For the Greeks, this tragedy is
largely seen as a cautionary tale about the
inability to control passion, as Orpheus
wheels around to see Eurydice before
making sure she is on the surface.
Eduard Kasparides, Orphée et Eurydice
Eduard Kasparides: Orphée et Eurydice
Only a brief pause would have
guaranteed him a full life with her. One
well-known philosopher, in Particular,
took a different view: Plato
called Orpheus a coward, saying that, if
he truly loved Eurydice, he would have
died to be with her instead of attempting
to circumvent the natural order.
Gerasimos Steris:
Orfeus and Euridice
Inna Orlik - "Orpheus and Eurydice" Acrylic & Gold Leaf on Canvas 59 "x 32" x 2 ""
Inna Orlik: Orpheus and Eurydice
A Retelling of the Classic Greek Myth
In Music and Animation
Grand Canonical
University of California, Berkeley, 2008
Orpheus with his lute made trees
And the mountain tops that freeze
Bow themselves when he did sing:
To his music plants and flowers
Ever sprung; as sun and showers
There had made a lasting spring.
Every thing that heard him play,
Even the billows of the sea,
Hung their heads and then lay by.
In sweet music is such art,
Killing care and grief of heart
Fall asleep, or hearing, die.
~ William Shakespeare ~
Orpheus in Wood - Henri Martin
Henri Martin: Orpheus in a Wood
Suzanne Clairac
You walked in front of me,
pulling me back out
to the green light that had once
grown fangs and killed me.
I was obedient, but
numb, like an arm
gone to sleep; the return
to time was not my choice.

By then I was used to silence.
Though something stretched between us
like a whisper, like a rope:
my former name,
drawn tight.
You had your old leash
with you, love you might call it,
and your flesh voice.

Before your eyes you held steady
the image of what you wanted
me to become: living again.
It was this hope of yours

that kept me following.

I was your hallucination, listening
and floral, and you were singing me:
already new skin was forming on me
within the luminous misty shroud
of my other body; already
there was dirt on my hands

and I was thirsty.

I could only see the outline
of your head and shoulders,
black against the cave mouth,
and so could not see your face
at all, when you turned

and called to me because you had
already lost me. The last
I saw of you was a dark oval.
Though I knew how this failure
would hurt you, I had to fold

like a gray moth and let go.

You could not believe I was

more than your echo.
Orpheus in the Underworld by Pierre-Amedee Marcel BERONNEAU
Pierre-Amedee Marcel BERONNEAU: Orpheus in the Underworld
Orpheus in the Underworld, Folk Art 19th Century
Antakya Mosaic: Orpheus and the Beasts
Mosaique Romaine: Orphee Enchante les Animaux
Angelo Poliziano Fabula:
Singing Orpheus, 1483
Orpheus with Animals, Catacomb of Domitilla
Orpheus Mosaic, Berlin
Mosaic Orpheus
Mosaic: Orpheus Taming Wild Animals, 194 AD
Roman Mosaic Orpheus Surrounded by Animals, Palermo
Orpheus and the Animals
Jacopo of Saddler: Early Renaissance Painting
Etude Music Magazine: Orpheus and his Lyre, June 1928
John Macallan Swan: Orpheus
Orphee Charmont les Animauxe, 17th Century
Hans Leu the Younger: Orpheus und die Tiere
Regius: Engraving for Ovid's Metamorphoses
Thomas Ffrancis
Jan Brueghel: Orpheus
Roelandt Savery: Orpheus Charming the Animals with His Music
Roelandt Savery: Orpheus with Beasts and Birds
Roelandt Savery: Orpheus (detail)
Roelandt Savery: Orpheus
Roelandt Savery: Orphee
Poliziano, Ambrogini: Orphee Charmant les Animaux Gravure
Inglese: 17th Century
Orpheus with Animals (Design for a Tapestry)
Utrecht School: Orpheus Charming the Animals
Jacob Hoefnagel: Orpheus Charming the Animals
Gustave Surand: Orpheus Charming the Animals
Gustave Surand: Orpheus Charming the Animals
Giuseppe Cades : Orphee Charmant les Animaux, 1780
Domenico Brandi: Orphee Charming the Animals with his Lyre, 18th Century
Charles Joseph Natoire
Jan the Elder Bruegal: Orpheus and the Animals
Virgil Solis: Orpheus and Animals, 1563 Engraving
Francois Boucher: Orphee Charmant les Animaux
Orpheus Charming the Animals, 17th Century Silk Embroidery
Nicolas de Bruyn: Orpheus Charming the Animals, 1652 Engraving
Jacob Savery: Orpheus Charming the Animals, 1567
Jacob van Staverden: Orpheus Playing the Lyre
Francesco Bassano the Younger XVI:  Orpheus Charming the Animals

Left-D'Aulaire's Book of Greek Myths: Orpheus
 Right- Carole Hénaff: Orfeo
Orpheus Enchants Trees and Animals with his Lyre
Alessandro Varotari (The Padovanino):
Orpheus, Early 17th Century 
Ludovico Seitz: Orpheus Charms the Beasts, ca 1865

Roman Mural:
Orpheus, c. 1st
Century AD
Greek Vase: Orfeo
Giovanni Bellini: Orpheus
Anita Ree: Orpheus mit den Tieren
Giulio Vittini:
Orphée aux Enfers
Johann Baptist Rudolf: Orpheus with the Animals
Vesonius Primus:
Orpheus, Wall Painting
Snyders, Frans: Orfeo y los Animales, 17th Century
Francois Chauveau: Orpheus Playing Among Animals

From Ovid's Metamorphoses
George de Forest Brush: Orpheus, 1890
 Orpheus and Lyre / Violin
Marcello Provencal : Orpheus, 1618
Cesare Gennari:
The Lonely Love Struck Orpheus
Playing his Lyre for the Lost Eurydice
File:Cesare Gennari Orfeo.jpg
Cesare Gennari:
Orpheus (Depicted with a Violin) 17th C.
Karoly Ferenczy: Orpheus, 1894
Orpheus c.  1614-16 Gerrit van Honthorst
Gerrit van Honthors: Orpheus c. 1614-16
Caravaggio: Orpheus
Konstantinos Parthenis:
Domenico Frilli Crosses: Early 17th Century
Lovis Corinth: Orphée, 1908
Pasquale Abbatiello, Orpheus
Pasquale Abbatiello: Orpheus
Vase à Grec Figures Rouges: Orphée Jouant de la Lyre
Nicolas Poussin
Jean Delville:
Orpheus in the Underworld
Manuscrit Enluminé: Charming the Animals at the Sound of the Harp
Franz Cauzig: 
The Lament of Orpheus
Orpheus Playing for
Hades and Persephone
Jonas Donat:  Orpheus Asks Hades and Persephone to Release Eurydice, 1819
Jean Restout: The Music-Orpheus in the Underworld Reclaiming Eurydice, 1763
Jacquesson Louis de la Chevreuse: Orpheus in the Underworld, 1865
Henri Regnault: Orphée aux Enfers
Virgil Solis: Orpheus and Pluto
Henryk Siemiradzki : Orpheus in the Underworld
Lancrenon: Orphee
Serangeli  Gioacchino : Orphée Suppliant
Giulio Romano:
Orpheus Pleading for the Life of his Beloved Eurydice
Jacopo of Saddler: Orpheus Before Pluto in the Underworld 
The Underworld
Roelandt Savery: Orpheus in the Underworld
Stage Design: Orpheus (CH Graun), 18th Century
John Martin: The Fallen Angels Entering Pandemonium, from Paradise Lost
Vision of Hell - by Cornelis Van Poelenburgh.
Cor Van nelis Poelenburgh: Vision of Hell
Orpheus Leading Eurydice
Out of the Underworld
Edward Poynter: Orpheus and Eurydice
Anselm Feuerbach - Orpheus Bringing back Eurydice.  Tags: orpheus, Orfeus, Eurydice, eurydke,
Anselm Friedrich Feuerbach: Orpheus and Eurydice Fleeing the Underworld
Charles Monnet 
Jacopo Vignali: Orpheus Leads Eurydice from Hades
John Roddam Spencer Stanhope: Orpheus and Eurydice on the Banks of the Styx, 1878
Pep Montserrat:  Orfeo
Attributed to Joseph Gioacchin Serangeli
Jean-Baptiste Poncet: Orphée et Eurydice Revenant des Enferts
A German Porcelain Plaque Mythological:
Orpheus Leading Eurydice Out of the Underworld, 
Late 19th Century
Sergey Panasenko-Mikhalkin: Orpheus and Eurydice
Friedrich Rehberg:
Orpheus and Eurydice, 1812
Roman Fresco: Orpheus Leading Eurydice
Orpheus Losing
Eurydice Forever
Manuel Orazi (1860-1934), Italian Illustrator Orpheus
Manuel Orazi: Orpheus
Christian Gottlieb Kratzenstein: Orpheus and Eurydice, 1806 
Emily Balivet: Orpheus and Eurydice
Michel Martin Drolling: Orpheus and Eurydice, 1820
Illustration to Christine de Pizan's collected works:
Orpheus and Eurydice, 1411-12
Orpheus, Fatally Looks Back at Eurydice
Gaetano Gandolfi
Pep Montserrat: Orpheus
Pep Montserrat: Orpheus
Daniel O'Neill: Orpheus
Pierre Lacour: Orpheus Loses Eurydice, 1805
The Legend of Orpheus and Eurydice

Edward Burne-Jones
Friedrich Brentel: Orpheus in Hades, 1643
Myth of Orpheus and Eurydice
Friedrich Heinrich Fuger: Orpheus and Eurydice in Hades
Arno Breker: The Myth of Orpheo and Eurydice
Education Encyclopaedia Britannica
A Book of Myths:
Orpheus: "Swiftly he turned and found his wife behind him."
Christian Gottlieb Kratzenstein:

Giorgio de Chirico: The Lassitude d'Orphee, 1970
Giorgio de Chirico: Sketch for the Curtain of 'Orpheus'
by Claudio Monteverdi, 1949 (Detail) 
Ballet 'Orpheus'
Leon Bakst:
Orpheus Costume from the Ballet
Eugene Delacroix: Spring-Orpheus and Eurydice, 1862

Orpheus in Paradise | art deco tapestry by Lindstrand
Orpheus in Paradise, Art Deco Tapestry
Lucy Boyd Beck:
Orpheus and Eurydice
Four Ceramic-Tile Painting, ca. 1974
Marie Alexandre Lucien Coudray:
Orpheus [obverse], c. 1893 French
Examples of the
Orpheus and Eurydice Theme
Used in Classical Music
Original Version (Complete)
Jacopo Peri and Giulio Caccini, Composers
John Walter Hill, Director

Performed with Period Instruments
This was the earliest surviving opera, in its original version,
as it was premiered in Florence on October 6, 1600,
Music contributed to the first performance by both
Jacopo Peri and Giulio Caccini, as in this recording,
Both composers each went on to complete their
published versions of the whole work afterward.
Giulio Caccini
Giulio Caccini
Nicolas Acten, Director

Christoph Willibald Gluck
Christoph Willibald Gluck
Orfeo ed Euridici
All of these operas above were essentially a retelling
to music of all or part of the original myth.
Franz Liszt
Franz Liszt
ORPHEUS (1854)
Symphonic Poem

Jacques Offenbach
Jacques  Offenbach
Highlights of Orpheus in the Underworld
English National Opera, 1999

Georges Auric

Georges Auric
Film Soundtrack Music 
By Jean Cocteau
Adriano, Conductor
Slovak Radio Symphony Orchestra

1. Main Title
2. Orpheus and the Princess
3. In Zone I
4. Looking for the Princess
5. Orpheus and Eurydice
6. In Zone II - Final

Philip Glass
Philip Glass
I. The Cafe
III. Journey To The Underworld
IV. Orphée and the Princess
V. Return to Orphée's House
FOR PIANOVI. Orphée's Return
VII. Orphée's Bedroom-Reprise
Based on 1950 film by Jean Cocteau
Orpheus-A-Greek-Myth-Reader-s-Theatre-Script.html? Query = Orpheus-in-the-Underworld
Marc Chagall
Marc Chagall